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Banking Sector: Decline in profitability eases as NIMs improve

September 3, 2019 (MLN): With the spell of rise in interest rates, the banking sector’s profitability has been surged, as the increase in interest rates has reversed the shrinkage cycle of net interest margins (NIMs).

The second half of FY19 for the banking sector has appeared as healthier than the first half of FY19. The cumulative earnings of the five banks in our sample sector namely; HBL, UBL, NBP, MCB and ABL which are the largest competitors in the economy and holds a major stake of the banking assets in Pakistan shows that the net profits of the banking sector apparently witnessed a  negligible decline of 0.62% YoY in 2HFY19 when compared with the decline of 13% YoY in 1HFY19. This indicates that the performance of the banking industry has been improved.

When the sector’s earnings of 1HCY2019 compared with the earnings of first half of 2018 as shown in the table below, the sector as a whole encountered 17.12% YoY growth in Net Interest income while non-mark-up/non-interest income depleted by 5.27%. The decline in sector’s non-interest income can be attributable to drop in gains on sales of securities, fall in income earned from other sources and the decline in income earned form foreign exchange operations due to rupee depreciation.

While, on the expenses side, the sector’s non-interest expenses surged by 11.79% mainly due to increase in operating expenses and banks’ other charges during the period under review.

Profit and Loss statement of Banking Sector for the Half year ended June 30th 2019 ('000 Rupees)

 

Jun-19

Jun-18

% change

Net mark-up/interest income

                     143,540,245

                        122,559,278

17.12%

Total non mark-up/interest income

                        48,554,375

                          51,255,214

-5.27%

Total non mark-up/interest expenses

                     114,533,742

                        102,454,630

11.79%

Profit before taxation

                        68,264,386

                          42,516,053

60.56%

Taxation

                        22,881,570

                          16,993,901

34.65%

Total profit after taxation

                        36,225,499

                          36,452,479

-0.62%

Based on individual evaluation, UBL outperformed the remaining four banks from the lot with considerable expansion in net gains, in both absolute terms as well as percentage wise. The bank marked an extension of around Rs.4.4 billion or 72% in net income.

The realization of Rs 1.3 bln exchange translation reserve on the closure of New York branch, and the increase in bank’s deposits by 5.9% YoY possibly be the major reasons behind bank’s remarkable performance.

The table below shows that among these banks, HBL’s performance was least satisfactory as the bank experienced over Rs.4.2 billion reduction in net profits in first half of this year which masks its solid core business performance.

 

Net Profits 2HFY19 (Rs in '000)

Net Profits 2HFY18 (Rs in '000)

% Change YoY

HBL

3,927,302

                             8,128,075

-52%

UBL

10,497,621

6,110,020

72%

MCB

10,421,625

9,471,222

10%

ABL

 6,242,251

 7,245,165

-14%

NBP

11,378,951

12,743,162

-11%

HBL’s poor performance was largely a function of a foreign exchange loss on an open US$ position after the depreciation of PKR and a loss incurred on sales of equity securities.  

Apart from this, MCB’s consolidated profits were only 10% higher than last year. This slight change in bottom-line emanated from a rise in net interest income and income from other sources due to exchange rate fluctuations.

With regards to ABL’s earnings, the bank posted 14% decline in net profits mainly due to decline in non-interest income and higher operating expenses.  

Lastly, despite impressive growth in bank’s net interest income, the hefty provisioning expenses continued to stress NBP’s earnings as it suffered 11% decline in its net profits after tax during the period under review.

With regards to banks’ share of profits in our sample sector, NBP has the largest share in sector’s earnings (31.4%) followed by MCB and UBL having share of 28.7% and 28.98% respectively.

The market capitalization of this sample sector represents around 58% of the whole sector. Within this, the market capitalization of MCB takes the biggest share as of today, recorded at 16.72%. Next in line is HBL at 13.82% followed by UBL at 13.72%.

Copyright Mettis Link News

Posted on: 2019-09-03T16:40:00+05:00

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