Washington, April 15: US and Japanese negotiators are set to open the first round of trade talks on Monday, in the latest front in President Donald Trump's aggressive, multi-pronged strategy to address “chronic US trade imbalances.”
After launching blistering tariffs on allies and rivals alike, Trump's trade team has completed a new North American trade pact with Canada and Mexico — the USMCA — and another with South Korea.
The US also appears to be approaching the final stages of a deal with China, while preparing for the start of negotiations with Europe.
Trump has focused attention on the countries which have the biggest trade surpluses with the United States and pushed his preference for country-specific rather than multilateral deals.
US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer and Japan's Economy Minister Toshimitsu Motegi will lead the two days of talks starting Monday afternoon.
Golf buddies Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe agreed in September to launch the talks between the world's first and third-largest economies, which represent about 30 percent of global output.
In Tokyo last week, Motegi predicted the crunch talks would be “candid,” with the first round focused on “making a decision on which areas we will discuss, chiefly in the field of goods.”
“I will do my best to have thorough discussions so as to produce a good result in line with our national interest,” he said.
The agreement between Trump and Abe said the negotiations initially would address “goods, as well as other key areas including services, that can produce early achievements,” while leaving access for US agriculture to Japan's market for a later day.
In May, Trump ordered his administration to investigate the possibility of imposing tariffs of up to 25 percent on foreign autos and auto parts, a prospect that alarmed the industry and could have serious repercussions for Japan and Europe.
– 'Very quick agreement' –
US Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue said last week he was seeking a “very quick agreement” with Japan on tariff cuts for agricultural goods.
“I hope we can come to a very quick agreement with Japan over maybe some temporary … provisions and hash out the many other issues that take longer in this area,” Perdue told reporters in Washington, Kyodo News and the business daily Nikkei reported.
However, the US side is likely to run into opposition from Japan on this issue, Jiji Press reported, citing unnamed government sources.
“There's no way for us to conclude an agricultural deal first,” a senior Japanese official told Jiji.
If Japan does so, it may violate World Trade Organization rules related to free-trade agreements, the officials noted, according to the report.
Tokyo is expected to counter with demands that the United States scrap tariffs on Japanese industrial goods if Washington urges an early opening of Japanese agricultural markets.
Tokyo aims to focus only on tariff matters, describing the talks as “TAG,” or trade agreement on goods.
However, Washington trade officials have spelled out 22 specific negotiation areas also including non-tariff barriers in Japan's auto market and currency.
US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said Saturday any agreement will include a requirement to refrain from manipulating currencies to gain an advantage in international trade.
Trump and Abe will have plenty of opportunities to talk trade in the coming months. Abe is visiting the United States later this month and Trump is expected in Japan in May to pay his respects to the country's new emperor who will take the throne on May 1.
Trump is then expected back in Japan the following month as the western city of Osaka hosts the Group of 20 summit of world leaders on June 28-29.