London, July 11: World stock markets sank and the dollar mostly rose Wednesday after Washington threatened to hammer Beijing with tariffs on a further $200 billion of Chinese imports, ratcheting up the global trade war.
Washington's announcement comes just days after the world's two biggest economies exchanged tit-for-tat measures on a range of goods worth tens of billions of dollars.
US President Donald Trump has now ordered the imposition of a fresh round of tariffs, US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer revealed.
“Trade war concerns resurfaced overnight when news broke out that the US will announce tariffs on a further $200 billion of imports from China with levies of 10% on the products,” said Fawad Razaqzada, a market analyst at Forex.com.
The news shattered the uneasy calm that had descended on markets, allowing them to regain some of the ground lost in recent months on trade war woes.
But now, analysts expect the situation to deteriorate significantly.
– 'Geopolitical chicken' –
“It is going to get much worse before it gets better,” Rabobank senior strategist Michael Every told AFP.
“It will get worse because nobody will back down: it's a game of geopolitical chicken, and nobody wants to swerve as nobody can afford to lose.”
Crude prices also sank heavily on concerns that a trade war could sap demand for the commodity that oils the wheels of the global economy — a concern echoed in OPEC's latest monthly report on Wednesday.
China meanwhile said it was “shocked” and warned it would impose countermeasures “to safeguard the core interests of the country and the fundamental interests of the people”.
Trump had previously warned he would hit a total of $450 billion in Chinese goods, which essentially accounts for all the country's US-bound exports, citing its unfair practices and intellectual property theft.
European key stock markets were all well over one percent lower in mid-afternoon, with Wall Street showing more modest losses at the opening bell in New York.
“Markets are panicking about the impact of a tit-for-tat trade war on economic growth,” Manulife Asset Management investment analyst William Hamlyn told AFP.
– 'Sobering reality' –
Earlier in the trade war jitters also rocked Asia.
Tokyo's Nikkei index dived 1.2 percent, with exporters hurt as the haven yen climbed against the dollar.
Hong Kong lost 1.3 percent and Shanghai ended off 1.8 percent.
Stephen Innes, head of Asia-Pacific trade at OANDA, cautioned that “nothing is written in stone and the tariffs are not set to take effect until September”.
He added however that the move was still “a very sobering reality check as to just how fragile sentiment around trade war rhetoric is”.
Observers will be keeping a close eye on the release Friday of Chinese trade data, which will give an idea about how the row has affected the country's exports.
– Key figures around 1335 GMT –
- London – FTSE 100: DOWN 1.1 percent at 7,604.86 points
- Frankfurt – DAX 30: DOWN 1.5 percent at 12,424.17
- Paris – CAC 40: DOWN 1.3 percent at 5,363.30
- EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 1.3 percent at 3,419.31
- New York – Dow: DOWN 0.7 percent at 24,755.31
- Tokyo – Nikkei 225: DOWN 1.2 percent at 21,932.21 (close)
- Hong Kong – Hang Seng: DOWN 1.3 percent at 28,311.69 (close)
- Shanghai – Composite: DOWN 1.8 percent at 2,777.77 (close)
- Euro/dollar: UP at $1.1756 from $1.1744 at 2100 GMT Tuesday
- Dollar/yen: UP at 111.19 yen from 111.00 yen
- Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.3236 from $1.3276
- Oil – Brent Crude: DOWN $1.70 at $77.16 per barrel
- Oil – West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 83 cents at $73.28